Traditionally farmers level their fields using animal drawn or tractor-drawn levelers and uneven soil surface has a major impact on the germination, stand, and yield of crops due to inhomogeneous water distribution and soil moisture. Therefore, land leveling is a precursor to good agronomic, soil, and crop management practices. These levelers are implements consisting of a blade acting as a small bucket for shifting the soil from higher to the low-lying positions. It is seen that even the best leveled fields using traditional land leveling practices are not precisely leveled and this leads to uneven distribution of irrigation water. The common practices of irrigation in intensively cultivated irrigated areas are flood basin and check basin irrigation systems. These practices on traditionally leveled or unlevelled lands lead to water logging conditions in low-lying areas and soil water deficit at higher spots. The advanced method to level or grade the field is to use laser-guided leveling equipment. Laser land leveling is leveling the field within certain degree of desired slope using a guided laser beam throughout the field. The system includes a laser-transmitting unit that emits an infrared beam of light that can travel up to 700m in a perfectly straight line. The second part of the laser system is a receiver that senses the infrared beam of light and converts it to an electrical signal. The electrical signal is directed by a control box to activate an electric hydraulic valve. Several times a second, this hydraulic valve raises and lowers the blade of a grader to keep it following the infrared beam. Laser leveling of a field is accomplished with a dual slope laser that automatically controls the blade of the land leveler to precisely grade the surface to eliminate all undulations tending to hold water. Laser transmitters create a reference plane over the work area by rotating the laser beam 360 degrees. The receiving system detects the beam and automatically guides the machine to maintain proper grade. The laser can be level or sloped in two directions. This is all accomplished automatically without the operator touching the hydraulic controls.
Advantages & Benefits
Precise level and smoother soil surface, easy land preparation, Reduction in time and water required to irrigate the field, Uniform distribution of water in the field, less water consumption, Uniform moisture environment for crops, less weed problems, Good germination and growth of crop, uniformity in crop maturity, Reduce seed rate, fertilizer, chemicals and fuel requirements, Improve field traffic ability for the subsequent field operations
Saves irrigation water up to 35%, Reduced weed in agriculture field, Increase in farming area up to 3.5%, Increase in productivity up to 50%, Reduced farm operating time by 10%, Assist tap soil management, Saves fuel/electricity used in irrigation, Saves labor cost
Laser leveling of agricultural land is a recent resource-conservation technology. It has the potential to change the way food is produced by enhancing resource-use efficiency of critical inputs without any disturbing and harmful effects on the productive resilience of the ecosystem. In spite of several direct and indirect benefits derived from laser land leveling technology, it is yet to become a popular farming practice in the developing and the underdeveloped countries. For accelerating its popularization and large-scale adoption, it requires a number of well-considered and synchronized research, extension, participatory, economic and policy initiatives keeping in view the long-term sustainability of our production systems.
For product details please visit <a href="https://celec.com/product-category/laser-land-levelers/">Laser Land Leveler</a>
J. Sanghera is a US Sales Manager at Celec and very enthusiastic about the enviroment. Dedicated to improve the use of energy by humanity. He uses his free time to help the less fortunate.
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