As with any surgical procedure, complications may occur following knee arthroplasty. Orthopedic surgeons will counsel their patients regarding these possible complications before consenting to any surgery.
Blood clots in the veins of the legs
Blood clots are the most common complication of knee replacement surgery. On occasion, the clots shifts and travel through the veins to the heart to the lungs. The doctor prescribes blood-thinning drugs to patients to prevent clots from forming after knee replacement surgery. Compressive calf cuffs and leg exercises at home are advisable to prevent clotting.
Adhesions, limited flexion
A risk with any incision, adhesions can form and limit the amount of flexion that can be achieved post-surgery. When adhesions are much, the Best Knee Replacement Surgeon Indore may refer to it as arthrofibrosis. In this situation manipulation under anesthesia is required for some weeks or months after surgery to break down the scar tissue.
Misalignment of implant size
Misalignment is not a common complication in surgery but can occur when cuts are made at an improper angle. The choice of wrong implants can range from a femoral component that is too large to inserts that are either too thick or too thin. Either can cause post-op pain in patients along with a range of motion problems.
Your Joint Replacement Surgery Indore specialist can minimize this risk because they have years of practice in arthroplasty.
Infections are common after joint replacement surgery but can involve primary infection, late onsite infection or even a superficial infection.
Knee replacement surgery in India is conducted in a filtered operation theatre with sterile instruments. Antibiotics are given by the team to the patient, before, during and after the surgery to lower the risk for infection. Even after these precautions, infections can occur. According to studies, the risk for infection is increased in patients with rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes, patients who have been taking cortisone for a long time, patients whose joint was previously injured and patients who had an infection in other parts of the body during surgery.
Implant loosening from the bone is the most concerned problem. Loosening of prosthesis implants can result in infection. Use of faulty techniques during Total Knee Replacement Indore surgery, poor bones, damaged and softened by rheumatoid arthritis or unnecessary force as in accidents but the most common reason is that the implant just works loose from the patient’s bone.
In rare cases, nerve damage can occur with knee replacement operation. The affected nerve usually recovers after 24 weeks to 40 weeks. It is not uncommon for the skin that at the front of the knee and the outer side of the incision to be numb because a branch of a small nerve is cut by surgeons during replacement.
There are several other complications that are not mentioned in this article with knee replacement surgery.
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